What You Should Know

Hyperpigmentation (or “brown spots”) occurs when the amount of melanin or pigment in the skin increases. This can be a result of stimulation by UV (ultraviolet) light or skin trauma.

Melasma is an acquired pigmentation that involves sun-exposed skin. The most common appearance is a brown and blotchy almost map-like distribution of hyperpigmentation involving the face. It is much more common in women than men and also in light brown-skinned individuals.

Approximately 30% of people have a family or genetic history of the condition, and usually it is the combination of hormonal factors, along with UV exposure, that accounts for the fact that it seems to start during the reproductive years. And hence the common term that is used is the “mask of pregnancy”.

In affected individuals, there is an increase in the melanization of the skin that occurs with UV exposure. This tends to explain the increase of pigment in the epithelial layer. There is also a melanin “incontinence” which causes an increase of pigment in the papillary dermis (the deeper layer).

Melasma cannot be cured, but an aggressive approach can result in clearer, more beautiful skin. Click here to read a more detailed description about Melasma.

How We Help

We use a combination of treatments—tailored to your specific situation—to help with these conditions, including: